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Changes in potential controllers of human skeletal muscle respiration during incremental calf exercise.

  • Author(s): Barstow, TJ
  • Buchthal, SD
  • Zanconato, S
  • Cooper, DM
  • et al.
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the consequences of non-linear changes in phosphocreatine (PCr) and pH during incremental calf exercise on estimates of ADP and cytosolic free energy of ATP hydrolysis (delta GATP). Six subjects performed incremental plantar flexion exercise on a treadle ergometer while muscle P(i) metabolism (PCr, P(i), ATP) and pH were followed using 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Changes in ADP and delta GATP were estimated with the assumption that there was equilibrium of the creatine kinase reaction and homogeneous tissue metabolite pools. All six subjects showed a threshold for onset of cellular acidosis that occurred on average at 47.3 +/- 12.7% of peak work rate (PWR). In five of the six subjects, PCr and P(i) showed accelerated rates of change above the threshold for onset of cellular acidosis. In all six subjects, ADP, when correctly calculated considering changes in pH, rose in a curvilinear fashion that was well described by a Michaelis-Menten hyperbola through 60-100% of PWR, with a mean apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 43.1 +/- 17.1 microM ADP and a predicted maximal oxidative rate at PCr = 0, which was 241 +/- 94% of PWR. delta GATP rose linearly with work rate from -62.9 +/- 1.8 kJ/mol during unloaded treadling to -55.0 +/- 1.8 kJ/mol at PWR. If we assume a linear O2 uptake-to-work rate relationship, these results are most consistent with control of respiration being exerted through delta GATP under these conditions (incremental exercise by human calf muscle).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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