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Cover page of 2019 Inclusiveness Index

2019 Inclusiveness Index


The Netherlands, Sweden, and Norway took the top spots in the 2019 Inclusiveness Index, our annual ranking of global inclusion that classifies 132 countries and all 50 US states according to policies and laws that challenge or promote belonging. In the US index, Hawaii, Nevada, and Maryland edged out front, while Louisiana, South Dakota, and North Dakota ranked at the bottom. US states and global nations that rank high in inclusivity provide greater access to power and resources to groups that span salient social cleavages, such as gender, race, ethnicity, religion, and sexual orientation. In addition to ranking individual nations and US states according to their levels of inclusivity, the report also includes supplemental highlights identifying the major trends influencing belonging this year, such as increasing anti-trans violence and global corruption.

Cover page of Climate Refugees: The Climate Crisis and Rights Denied

Climate Refugees: The Climate Crisis and Rights Denied


This report argues that a comprehensive framework for climate-induced displaced persons forced to cross international borders to be considered “climate refugees” is necessary. This report advances the notion that “persecution” is built into our global dependence on fossil fuels and the global investment patterns behind this dependence, and that this notion of “persecution” needs to serve as the basis for a normative framing of international recognition and protection of those who are displaced as climate refugees.

Cover page of Notes on a Cultural Strategy for Belonging

Notes on a Cultural Strategy for Belonging


This report outlines a cultural strategy for belonging that centers the leadership, voices, storytelling, practices, and knowledge of people and communities who are marginalized in our society. It offers resources, evidence, case studies, and a workshop module for cultural strategies that are rooted in the Haas Institute's Othering & Belonging framework as well as in many successful models of activism and organizing.

Cover page of Roots, Race, & Place: A History of Racially Exclusionary Housing in the San Francisco Bay Area

Roots, Race, & Place: A History of Racially Exclusionary Housing in the San Francisco Bay Area


This report traces the roots of the Bay Area region’s racial exclusion in housing and finds that racism reinvents itself, proving to be dynamic, generative, and fluid, yet also remarkably durable and entrenched. The historical record also reveals that while racialized housing inequality in the Bay Area is part of a national dialectic, it is not solely a function of factors outside of local control. This report focuses specifically on the local: the many tactics of exclusion and dispossession that were deeply localized in practice, driven by local actors such as homeowners’ associations and neighborhood groups, real estate agents and developers operating within the regional housing market, and institutions, such as local governments and public agencies, which collectively shape local policies and markets, thus blurring the lines between public and private action.

Cover page of Ending Legal Bias Against Formerly Incarcerated People

Ending Legal Bias Against Formerly Incarcerated People


This policy brief explores a mechanism for broadly advancing the rights of formerly incarcerated people across the board, as an alternative to incremental approaches which seek to overturn legalized disadvantages or remove barriers in individual domains. Specifically, we explore the possibility of establishing formerly incarcerated people as a protected status under municipal, state, and federal law. The brief begins by reviewing “collateral consequences” of incarceration—the plethora of barriers that are triggered by a criminal conviction and restrict formerly incarcerated people from accessing resources necessary for their well-being. Next, we set out the legal context for advancing “protected legal status” for formerly incarcerated people, which could prevent private individuals, corporations, and government bodies and agencies from enacting laws or taking actions that discriminate against them. We then explore the potential for adopting this protection at various levels or branches of government. Through this analysis, we hope to contribute to awareness of the potential benefits of achieving such a policy change, pathways to establishing the policy, and challenges that could be faced along the way.

Cover page of The Road Not Taken: Housing and Criminal Justice 50 Years after the Kerner Commission Report

The Road Not Taken: Housing and Criminal Justice 50 Years after the Kerner Commission Report


The report was produced as a follow-up to the “Race and Inequality in America: The Kerner Commission at 50” conference hosted at UC Berkeley in 2018 by the Haas Institute, in partnership with the Economic Policy Institute and the Johns Hopkins University’s 21st Century Cities Initiative. The report determines that in two areas studied—housing segregation and policing/criminal justice—very few of the recommendations issued by the Kerner Commission in a 600-page report in 1968 to remedy the causes of the social unrest were implemented. A result of the failure to implement the recommendations has been the persistence of stark racial inequalities across the US until this day.

Cover page of Targeted Universalism: Policy & Practice

Targeted Universalism: Policy & Practice


Targeted Universalism: Policy & Practice provides a roadmap to design policy that can serve groups otherwise excluded, while also promising to improve outcomes for people situated in relatively privileged positions. This is accomplished by re-imagining the range of implementation strategies needed to accomplish the universal goal. The targeted universalism framework was developed by Haas Institute Director john a. powell as a response to the constraints of the two dominant approaches in policy thinking: the targeted approach, and the universal approach. Targeted universalism borrows the strengths and avoids the weaknesses of both targeted and universal approaches. Yet, it is also categorically distinct in both conception and execution.

Cover page of Water Equity and Security in Detroit's Water and Sewer District

Water Equity and Security in Detroit's Water and Sewer District


In this report we comply with scholarship and legal precedent that defines access to include access to residential in-home service, quality service that serves environmental and personal health, and affordable service. Water security is a term in this report used to describe the presence of structural, systemic, and institutional arrangements that ensure everyone has consistent access to drinking water and wastewater services. Water insecurity looks different in the humid east than in the arid west, different in the Midwest from the South, different between urban, suburban, or rural. However different water insecurity problems look at the local level, they are the result of similar institutional, systemic, and structural problems. This is a study of the what persistent water insecurity looks like in the service area of Detroit’s drinking and wastewater system (DWSD) and specific places within that system, notably Detroit.

Cover page of 2018 Inclusiveness Index

2018 Inclusiveness Index


The political crises sweeping the globe have brought greater attention to the fundamental issue of inclusivity. To what extent do societies, nations, and communities, polarized along lines of race, ethnicity, religion, caste, tribe, gender, and sexual orientation, successfully bridge these cleavages with inclusive policies and narratives? This report tries to answer this question, not simply by reference to particular policies or initiatives, but by examining the data to track how marginalized populations actually fare relative to dominant groups.

Cover page of The Era of Corporate Consolidation and the End of Competition

The Era of Corporate Consolidation and the End of Competition


In the past two years, three major corporate mergers have begun to reshape what was an already concentrated international market for agricultural chemicals, seeds, and fertilizers. If the mergers gain approval from their relevant regulatory agencies, these six multinational corporations would fold into three (Dow-DuPont, Bayer-Monsanto, and ChemChina-Syngenta), and have a profound impact on the future of global agriculture. The mergers would drastically reduce competition in the areas of crop protection, seeds, and petrochemicals; further consolidate the agrochemical market; reduce procompetitive research and development (R&D) collaborations; and, most urgently, pose a critical danger to ecosystem sustainability and exacerbate the global climate crisis.