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Open Access Publications from the University of California

As the highest-ranking public research library in the U.S., the University Library at Berkeley provides the intellectual resources to support the University's diverse teaching and research activities. It has enabled generations of Cal scholars to teach and learn, to reflect on the past and shape the future, and to advance human understanding and knowledge.

Cover page of Educating the Central Asian Librarian: Considering the International MLIS in Kazakhstan

Educating the Central Asian Librarian: Considering the International MLIS in Kazakhstan


Why do Central Asian librarians enter the profession, and how do they decide which educational strategies to pursue in developing their careers? Using 13 conversations and 10 qualitative interviews with Kazakh and Kyrgyz librarians, this chapter finds that librarians enter the profession due to personal interest, by happenstance, or for university funding and continue when they perceive an opportunity for career growth as well as salary mobility. Central Asian librarians evaluate their educational options, including local bachelor's degrees; distance education from Russia; MLIS programs in Asia, Europe, or America; and short-term online training, while balancing family responsibilities and career prospects in and outside of librarianship. Prospects for creating a local MLIS or other improved professional training programs are discussed.

Open Science and Data Management: Introducing Graduate Students to Research Workflows in a Local Context


The Engineering & Physical Sciences Division of the UC Berkeley Library partners with researchers to support the entire research life cycle. Since 2016, the division’s Science Data Librarian has offered Research Data Management training that covers data management, storage, documentation, and sharing. Based on this established work, division librarians piloted a series of open science workshops in 2019. The Earth & Planetary Sciences (EPS) Department was chosen as the target department for this work. Librarians began by replacing their traditional orientation session, focused on library procedures and resources, with an approach that highlighted local support for open research workflows.

  • 1 supplemental PDF
Cover page of The Impact of Web-Scale Discovery on the Use of Electronic Resources

The Impact of Web-Scale Discovery on the Use of Electronic Resources


In 2015, the University of California, Berkeley, launched EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS), a web-scale discovery tool, with a goal of improving visibility and usage of collections. This study applies linear regression analysis to usage data for ebooks, ejournals, and abstracts and indexing (A&I) databases before and after implementation of EDS in order to identify correlations between the discovery layer and usage of library electronic resources across platforms. Our findings diverge from conclusions drawn in the previous literature that indicate that resource use generally increases after a discovery tool is implemented. We examine data from a longer period of time than the previous literature had, looking for statistically significant changes in resource use. The discovery layer at UC Berkeley did not lead to equal increases across platforms, but rather to a complex array of increases and decreases in use according to a variety of factors. 

Cover page of Reading Between the Lines: Using Citations to Understand Anthropologists’ Reading Patterns

Reading Between the Lines: Using Citations to Understand Anthropologists’ Reading Patterns


Academic libraries want to collect the materials most useful to researchers, yet how can libraries know how successful they are? While Berkeley’s George and Mary Foster Anthropology Library collects data on which books circulate, it is difficult to evaluate how materials are actually being used to further the discipline of anthropology. In this article, we examine sources cited by our a) faculty members, b) dissertation writers, and c) honors thesis students to better understand how anthropologists read when conducting research. This paper compares materials used across subfields and research levels to highlight patterns in citations within this discipline, leading to new insights that will improve collection development among anthropology librarians.

Readers and Authors of Educational Research: A Study of Research Output on K-12 Education Policy


The purpose of this study was to characterize a representative body of research to demonstrate the advantage of disseminating educational research in ways that reach the broadest audience. Using the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) database, I compiled a set of research findings on a number of broad educational themes. Focusing on journal articles and reports, I examined the public availability of the publications, publication quality as determined by peer review, and authorship. In all, 65% of the journal articles were behind a paywall, and 35% were available either as PDFs or freely available on the publisher website; 61% of the peer-reviewed literature was locked behind a paywall. This study also examined a subset of reports—research studies not published in journals but issued by organizations, think tanks, or policy institutes; 27% of the reports were authored by institutions identified with a neoliberal or free-market ideology

From curation to creation: Transforming paper map collections into research-ready GIS datasets


How can librarians engage with the concept of collections in new ways? One answer to this question may be expanding the definition of collection management to include active creation and remixing of our collections. Taking on the role of data creator changes the narrative of what libraries do, enables librarians to model metadata creation standards and licensing best practices, and transforms existing analog collections into research-ready data collections. As a GIS and map librarian interested in these issues, I developed a project to scan physical maps from library collections and transform them into a GIS database covering 20th century Mongolia. The project resulted in a useful set of data for researchers, best practices that can be used in other similar projects, and an expanded concept of what it means to curate a geospatial collection.

  • 1 supplemental PDF
Cover page of Supporting Research Workflows with Online Collaborative LaTeX Writing Tools

Supporting Research Workflows with Online Collaborative LaTeX Writing Tools


Science librarians at a major research university have developed a series of LaTeX workshops utilizing online collaborative tools. These sessions allowed us to increase turnout at instruction sessions while also shifting support to patrons across their research lifecycle. By utilizing online collaborative tools to teach the document preparation system, attendees are able to launch their workflow as scholars in their field. This poster will show that the success of this shift in service enables holistic support of the research lifecycle. Learn about the development of these workshops and useful outreach lessons that emerged.

Cover page of Listening to Unaffiliated Users of the Academic Library

Listening to Unaffiliated Users of the Academic Library


We know that unaffiliated users access books, reference services, and databases at our libraries, but how do they experience this access? The library science literature reveals a range of ethical concerns around how we serve unaffiliated users, meaning those who are not current students, faculty, or staff. Yet this literature is often based on librarian perspectives rather than on conversations with the unaffiliated users themselves. In this pilot study we interviewed 10 unaffiliated users to better understand their perceptions of a large academic library and how the library fits into their daily habits. Emerging patterns include a respect for the depth of academic collections, an appreciation of how physical spaces shape their campus experience, and a persistent sense of nonbelonging as people who are not students at our university—even if they are affiliated to another institution. In conclusion, we suggest ways that librarians can invite unaffiliated users onto campus as guests in the academic library community.