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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Volume 35, Issue 1, 2009

Volume 35 Issue 1 2009


Bursting at the Seams: Water Access and Housing in Luanda

This paper looks at access to clean water and formal housing in Luanda beginning in the colonial era and ending in the modern era. The city's intended size and service provision will be examined in its historical context and compared to the population Luanda is able to support now. Opportunities and challenges for the future of water access and housing provision are examined.

Social Work Education, Training and Employment in Africa: The case of Zimbabwe

Social work education in Zimbabwe commenced with the establishment of the School of Social Work in Harare in 1964 by the Catholic Jesuit Fathers. The School was initially called the School of Social Service. Prior to this, the country’s social workers were mainly trained in British, South African and Zambian Social Work Colleges. The first students were trained as group workers for clubs, welfare centres, and urban conditions where the clientele were more visible. The major strength of colonial social work education was that it formed the basis for professional social work practice resulting in the creation of a three year diploma in 1966. In 1969 the school changed its name to the School of Social Work and became the first associate college of the University of Rhodesia (now University of Zimbabwe), with students awarded a university diploma in Social Work after a three year program. In 1975 the School established the first bachelor’s degree programme in Social Work (BSW), which was followed later by the Honours and Masters degree. The school, which is the only social work training institution in the country, is now an affiliate of the University of Zimbabwe. Since the attainment of independence, the School of Social Work has transformed into a dynamic institution making social work education more responsive to the development needs of the country. The government in Zimbabwe remains the largest employer of social workers with a few employed by private and charitable organisations (NGOs). The single greatest challenge facing social work education in Zimbabwe today is making it more responsive to the needs and aspirations of the people of Zimbabwe. In this vein however, it has become imperative for the institution to prepare social workers capable of addressing local structural problems, as well as maintaining an international flavour in line with the current trends of globalization in which there is rapid movement of social workers across international frontiers.

Peasant Response to Agricultural Innovations: Land Consolidation, Agrarian Diversification and Technical Change. The Case of Bungoma District in Western Kenya, 1954-1960.

The diagnosis of rural poverty in Africa has historically adhered to the cultural barrier hypothesis, which identified social and cultural factors as overriding impediments to the adoption of innovations and the attainment of development objectives. The prevalent orthodoxy has been that the behavior of African peasants is always conditioned by a subsistence ethic that renders such societies impervious to change and innovation. This article utilizes the case example of Bungoma district in Western Kenya to debunk the notion of inherent African peasant conservatism. Employing mainly primary research material, the article argues instead that African rural households do possess the requisite capacity to positively respond to economic incentives with a view to modernizing their agrarian economies.

The Global Perspectives of her Art: Monmouth College Interviews Writer and Painter Véronique Tadjo

During the 34th Annual Meeting of the African Literature Association held from April 22 to 27, 2008 at Western Illinois University, Professors Heather Brady and James Bukari had the privilege to host the talented artist and writer, Veronique Tadjo, on the campus of nearby Monmouth College. During her campus visit, Tadjo gave a presentation on her paintings entitled, "The Power of African Images: From Written to Painted Narratives," and spoke with students about her works of art. Tadjo agreed to an interview with Monmouth College professors and members of the French Club.