## Generalized counterexamples to the Seifert conjecture

- Author(s): Kuperberg, Greg
- Kuperberg, Krystyna
- et al.

## Published Web Location

https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9802040.pdf## Abstract

Using the theory of plugs and the self-insertion construction due to the second author, we prove that a foliation of any codimension of any manifold can be modified in a real analytic or piecewise-linear fashion so that all minimal sets have codimension 1. In particular, the 3-sphere S^3 has a real analytic dynamical system such that all limit sets are 2-dimensional. We also prove that a 1-dimensional foliation of a manifold of dimension at least 3 can be modified in a piecewise-linear fashion so that there are no closed leaves but all minimal sets are 1-dimensional. These theorems provide new counterexamples to the Seifert conjecture, which asserts that every dynamical system on S^3 with no singular points has a periodic trajectory.