Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Acute Genetic Ablation of Cardiac Sodium/Calcium Exchange in Adult Mice: Implications for Cardiomyocyte Calcium Regulation, Cardioprotection, and Arrhythmia.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.019273
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Background Sodium-calcium (Ca2+) exchanger isoform 1 (NCX1) is the dominant Ca2+ efflux mechanism in cardiomyocytes and is critical to maintaining Ca2+ homeostasis during excitation-contraction coupling. NCX1 activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, but a lack of specific NCX1 blockers complicates experimental interpretation. Our aim was to develop a tamoxifen-inducible NCX1 knockout (KO) mouse to investigate compensatory adaptations of acute ablation of NCX1 on excitation-contraction coupling and intracellular Ca2+ regulation, and to examine whether acute KO of NCX1 confers resistance to triggered arrhythmia and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Methods and Results We used the α-myosin heavy chain promoter (Myh6)-MerCreMer promoter to create a tamoxifen-inducible cardiac-specific NCX1 KO mouse. Within 1 week of tamoxifen injection, NCX1 protein expression and current were dramatically reduced. Diastolic Ca2+ increased despite adaptive reductions in Ca2+ current and action potential duration and compensatory increases in excitation-contraction coupling gain, sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2 and plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase. As these adaptations progressed over 4 weeks, diastolic Ca2+ normalized and SR Ca2+ load increased. Left ventricular function remained normal, but mild fibrosis and hypertrophy developed. Transcriptomics revealed modification of cardiovascular-related gene networks including cell growth and fibrosis. NCX1 KO reduced spontaneous action potentials triggered by delayed afterdepolarizations and reduced scar size in response to ischemia/reperfusion. Conclusions Tamoxifen-inducible NCX1 KO mice adapt to acute genetic ablation of NCX1 by reducing Ca2+ influx, increasing alternative Ca2+ efflux pathways, and increasing excitation-contraction coupling gain to maintain contractility at the cost of mild Ca2+-activated hypertrophy and fibrosis and decreased survival. Nevertheless, KO myocytes are protected against spontaneous action potentials and ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item