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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Cytosine methylation as an effector of right-handed to left-handed DNA structural transitions

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Cytosine methylation has energetic and structural influences on left-handed Z-DNA formation in supercoiled plasmids. The restriction and modification enzymes from Haemophilus haemolyticus (HhaI and M.HhaI) provide a system to locate and analyze small segments of Z-DNA in large supercoiled plasmids. An approach is outlined that uses M.HhaI as an in vivo conformational probe for the detection of unusual DNA structures in a living cell. Also, characteristic features of the M.HhaI gene and protein are discussed.

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