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Nocturnal Variability of Intraocular Pressure Monitored With Contact Lens Sensor Is Associated With Visual Field Loss in Glaucoma.

  • Author(s): Yang, Zhiyong;
  • Mansouri, Kaweh;
  • Moghimi, Sasan;
  • Weinreb, Robert N
  • et al.
Abstract

Purpose

The aim was to determine whether 24-hour recording of intraocular pressure (IOP)-related ocular dimensional changes with a contact lens sensor (CLS, Triggerfish) is associated with the rate of visual field (VF) progression in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients.

Design

This was a retrospective, observational cohort study.

Participants

Patients with POAG were included from the Glaucoma Clinic and Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study at the Hamilton Glaucoma Center at University of California, San Diego.

Methods

A session of 24-hour CLS recording was acquired for 1 eye from each patient. The mean follow-up time was 9.9±4.0 years. The association between CLS variables and rate of change of mean deviation was determined by univariate and multivariate mixed linear regression models.

Results

Thirty-two patients, aged 69.8±13.6 years were included, 50% were female. An average of 11.6±5.6 standard automated perimetry examinations was available with a mean rate of mean deviation progression of -0.2±0.4 dB/year. Mean IOP was 17.8±4.2 mm Hg. The mean number of IOP-lowering medications were 1.2±1.0. Each 10-unit larger nocturnal variability of IOP-related ocular dimensional changes measured by CLS recording was significantly associated with -0.25±0.11 dB faster VF loss in POAG patients (P=0.035).

Conclusions

Twenty-four-hour CLS recording of IOP-related ocular dimensional change was associated with faster VF progression. Such CLS recordings are useful to assess the risk of in progression in POAG patients.

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