Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Pre-existing conditions in Hispanics/Latinxs that are COVID-19 risk factors.

  • Author(s): Chang, Timothy S
  • Ding, Yi
  • Freund, Malika K
  • Johnson, Ruth
  • Schwarz, Tommer
  • Yabu, Julie M
  • Hazlett, Chad
  • Chiang, Jeffrey N
  • Wulf, David A
  • UCLA Precision Health Data Discovery Repository Working Group
  • Geschwind, Daniel H
  • Butte, Manish J
  • Pasaniuc, Bogdan
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589004221001565?via%3Dihub
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has exposed health care disparities in minority groups including Hispanics/Latinxs (HL). Studies of COVID-19 risk factors for HL have relied on county-level data. We investigated COVID-19 risk factors in HL using individual-level, electronic health records in a Los Angeles health system between March 9, 2020, and August 31, 2020. Of 9,287 HL tested for SARS-CoV-2, 562 were positive. HL constituted an increasing percentage of all COVID-19 positive individuals as disease severity escalated. Multiple risk factors identified in Non-Hispanic/Latinx whites (NHL-W), like renal disease, also conveyed risk in HL. Pre-existing nonrheumatic mitral valve disorder was a risk factor for HL hospitalization but not for NHL-W COVID-19 or HL influenza hospitalization, suggesting it may be a specific HL COVID-19 risk. Admission laboratory values also suggested that HL presented with a greater inflammatory response. COVID-19 risk factors for HL can help guide equitable government policies and identify at-risk populations.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item