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Acceleration of ALA‐induced PpIX fluorescence development in the oral mucosa

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

Background and objectives

The development of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced tissue fluorescence is optimal 2-4 hours after ALA application. Goal of this work was to develop a means of accelerating oral topical ALA-induced tissue fluorescence.

Study design/materials and methods

In 300 hamsters, DMBA (9,10 dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene) cheek pouch carcinogenesis produced dysplasia in 3-5 weeks. Topical application of 20% ALA in Eucerin was followed by localized ultrasound treatment (1, 3.3 MHz) in 150 animals. In 75 animals, ALA was applied in an Oral Pluronic Lecithin Organogel (OPLO-an absorption enhancer) vehicle. Seventy-five animals received only topical ALA in Eucerin. Hamsters were sacrificed and cryosections underwent fluorescence measurements, histological evaluation, 20-180 minutes after ALA application. One-way ANOVA detected independent effects of pathology on laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). Two-way ANOVA tested for independent effect of pathology and of OPLO, ultrasound, and interaction effects.


Ultrasound significantly (P < 0.05) accelerated tissue fluorescence development.


Low-frequency ultrasound can accelerate ALA-induced fluorescence development.

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