Matrix Vieta Theorem
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Matrix Vieta Theorem

  • Author(s): Fuchs, Dmitry
  • Schwarz, Albert
  • et al.

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We consider generalizations of the Vieta formula (relating the coefficients of an algebraic equation to the roots) to the case of equations whose coefficients are order-$k$ matrices. Specifically, we prove that if $X_1,\dots ,X_n$ are solutions of an algebraic matrix equation $X^n+A_1X^{n-1}+\dots +A_n=0,$ independent in the sense that they determine the coefficients $A_1,\dots ,A_n$, then the trace of $A_1$ is the sum of the traces of the $X_i$, and the determinant of $A_n$ is, up to a sign, the product of the determinants of the $X_i$. We generalize this to arbitrary rings with appropriate structures. This result is related to and motivated by some constructions in non-commutative geometry.

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