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Improved Late Gadolinium Enhancement MR Imaging for Patients with Implanted Cardiac Devices
Published Web Locationhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Improved+late+gadolinium+enhancement+MR+imaging+for+patients+with+implanted+cardiac+devices
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PurposeTo propose and test a modified wideband late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique to overcome hyperintensity image artifacts caused by implanted cardiac devices.
Materials and methodsWritten informed consent was obtained from all participants, and the HIPAA-compliant study protocol was approved by the institutional review board. Studies in phantoms and in a healthy volunteer were performed to test the hypothesis that the hyperintensity artifacts that are typically observed on LGE images in patients with implanted cardiac devices are caused by insufficient inversion of the affected myocardial signal. The conventional LGE MR imaging pulse sequence was modified by replacing the nonselective inversion pulse with a wideband inversion pulse. The modified LGE sequence, along with the conventional LGE sequence, was evaluated in 12 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) who were referred for cardiac MR imaging.
ResultsThe ICD causes 2-6 kHz in frequency shift at locations 5-10 cm away from the device. This off-resonance falls outside the typical spectral bandwidth of the nonselective inversion pulse used in conventional LGE, which results in the hyperintensity artifact. In 10 of the 12 patients, the conventional LGE technique produced severe, uninterpretable hyperintensity artifacts in the anterior and lateral portions of the left ventricular wall. These artifacts were eliminated with use of the wideband LGE sequence, thereby enabling confident evaluation of myocardial viability.
ConclusionThe modified wideband LGE MR imaging technique eliminates the hyperintensity artifacts seen in patients with cardiac devices. The technique may enable LGE MR imaging in patients with cardiac devices, in whom LGE MR imaging otherwise could not be used for diagnosis.
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