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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Temporal mTOR inhibition protects Fbxw7-deficient mice from radiation-induced tumor development

  • Author(s): Liu, Y
  • Huang, Y
  • Wang, Z
  • Huang, Y
  • Li, X
  • Louie, A
  • Wei, G
  • Mao, JH
  • et al.
Abstract

FBXW7 acts as a tumor suppressor in numerous types of human cancers through ubiquitination of different oncoproteins including mTOR. However, how the mutation/loss of Fbxw7 results in tumor development remains largely unknown. Here we report that downregulation of mTOR by radiation is Fbxw7-dependent, and short-term mTOR inhibition by rapamycin after exposure to radiation significantly postpones tumor development in Fbxw7/p53 double heterozygous (Fbxw7+/-p53+/-) mice but not in p53 single heterozygous (p53+/-) mice. Tumor latency of rapamycin treated Fbxw7+/- p53+/- mice is remarkably similar to those of p53+/- mice while placebo treated Fbxw7+/-p53+/- mice develop tumor significantly earlier than placebo treated p53+/- mice. Furthermore, we surprisingly find that, although temporal treatment of rapamycin is given at a young age, the inhibition of mTOR activity sustainably remains in tumors. These results indicate that inhibition of mTOR signaling pathway suppresses the contribution of Fbxw7 loss toward tumor development. © 2013 Liu et al.

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