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The increasing menace of dengue in Guangzhou, 2001-2016: the most important epicenter in mainland China.

  • Author(s): Zhang, Zhoubin
  • Jing, Qinlong
  • Chen, Zongqiu
  • Li, Tiegang
  • Jiang, Liyun
  • Li, Yilan
  • Luo, Lei
  • Marshall, John
  • Yang, Zhicong
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12879-019-4504-3
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

BACKGROUND:Dengue is the most prevalent mosquito-borne disease in the world, with China affected seriously in recent years. 65.8% of dengue cases identified in mainland China since 2005 were reported from the city of Guangzhou. METHODS:In this study, we described the incidence rate and distribution of dengue cases using data collected form National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting Information System data in Guangzhou for 2001 to 2016. All dengue cases were investigated using standardized questionnaire. RESULTS:A total of 42,469 dengue cases were reported, with an average annual incidence rate of 20.99 per 100,000 resident population. Over this time period, the incidence rate of indigenous cases increased. Dengue affected areas also expanded sharply geographically from 58.1% of communities affected during 2001-2005 to 96.4% of communities affected in 2011-2016. Overall 95.30% of the overseas imported cases were reported during March and December, while 99.79% of indigenous cases were reported during July and November. All four dengue virus serotypes were identified both in imported cases and indigenous cases. The Aedes albopictus mosquito was the only vector for dengue transmission in the area. CONCLUSIONS:Guangzhou has become the dengue epicenter in mainland China. Control strategies for dengue should be adjusted to the epidemiological characteristics above and intensive study need to be conducted to explore the factors that driving the rapid increase of dengue.

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