A Limit Theorem for Shifted Schur Measures
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A Limit Theorem for Shifted Schur Measures

  • Author(s): Tracy, Craig A.;
  • Widom, Harold
  • et al.

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To each partition $\lambda$ with distinct parts we assign the probability $Q_\lambda(x) P_\lambda(y)/Z$ where $Q_\lambda$ and $P_\lambda$ are the Schur $Q$-functions and $Z$ is a normalization constant. This measure, which we call the shifted Schur measure, is analogous to the much-studied Schur measure. For the specialization of the first $m$ coordinates of $x$ and the first $n$ coordinates of $y$ equal to $\alpha$ ($0<\alpha<1$) and the rest equal to zero, we derive a limit law for $\lambda_1$ as $m,n\ra\infty$ with $\tau=m/n$ fixed. For the Schur measure the $\alpha$-specialization limit law was derived by Johansson. Our main result implies that the two limit laws are identical.

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