Tori and Heegaard splittings
- Author(s): Thompson, Abigail
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://arxiv.org/pdf/1603.08154.pdf
Haken showed that the Heegaard splittings of reducible 3-manifolds are reducible, that is, a reducing 2-sphere can be found which intersects the Heegaard surface in a single simple closed curve. When the genus of the "interesting" surface increases from zero, more complicated phenomena occur. Kobayashi showed that if a 3-manifold $M^3$ contains an essential torus $T$, then it contains one which can be isotoped to intersect a strongly irreducible Heegaard splitting surface $F$ in a collection of simple closed curves which are essential in $T$ and in $F$. In general there is no global bound on the number of curves in this collection. We give conditions under which a global bound can be obtained.