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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Department of History

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This series is automatically populated with publications deposited by UC Irvine Department of History researchers in accordance with the University of California’s open access policies. For more information see Open Access Policy Deposits and the UC Publication Management System.

Cover page of Finding the perfect match: Fingerprint expertise facilitates statistical learning and visual comparison decision-making.

Finding the perfect match: Fingerprint expertise facilitates statistical learning and visual comparison decision-making.

(2022)

Forensic feature-comparison examiners compare-or "match"-evidence samples (e.g., fingerprints) to provide judgments about the source of the evidence. Research demonstrates that examiners in select disciplines possess expertise in this task by outperforming novices-yet the psychological mechanisms underpinning this expertise are unclear. This article investigates one implicated mechanism: statistical learning, the ability to learn how often things occur in the environment. This ability is likely important in forensic decision-making as samples sharing rarer statistical information are more likely to come from the same source than those sharing more common information. We investigated 46 fingerprint examiners' and 52 novices' statistical learning of fingerprint categories and application of this knowledge in a source-likelihood judgment task. Participants completed four measures of their statistical learning (frequency discrimination judgments, bounded and unbounded frequency estimates, and source-likelihood judgments) before and after familiarization to the "ground-truth" category frequencies. Compared to novices, fingerprint examiners had superior domain-specific statistical learning across all measures-both before and after familiarization. This suggests that fingerprint expertise facilitates domain-specific statistical learning-something that has important theoretical and applied implications for the development of training programs and statistical databases in forensic science. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

Cover page of Tycho Brahe, De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis (Uraniborg: Christophorus Weida, 1588), chapter 6 (selections)

Tycho Brahe, De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis (Uraniborg: Christophorus Weida, 1588), chapter 6 (selections)

(2021)

Translations of Tycho Brahe, De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis (Uraniborg: Christophorus Weida, 1588), chapter 6 (selections) carried out in collaborative translation sessions that took place beginning in the spring of 2010 at the University of Cambridge as part of the AHRC-funded project, “Diagrams, Images, and the Transformation of Astronomy, 1450-1650.” Participants in the sessions included Nick Jardine, Sachiko Kusukawa, Christopher Lewis, Isabelle Pantin, and Renée Raphael. Please cite as: Brahe, Tycho De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis (Uraniborg: Christophorus Weida, 1588), chapter 6 (selections). Translated by Nick Jardine, Sachiko Kusukawa, Christopher Lewis, Isabelle Pantin, and Renée Raphael. eScholarship: University of California, 2013.

Humanities Headlines - Jessica Millward

(2021)

The School of Humanities at UC Irvine presents, "The Ghosts of Slavery,” a Q&A with Georges Van Den Abbeele, dean of the School of Humanities and Jessica Millward, associate professor of history.

Episode 089: Jessica Millward, Slavery & Freedom in Early Maryland

(2021)

How do you uncover the life of a slave who left no paper trail? What can her everyday life tell us about slavery, how it was practiced, and how some slaves made the transition from slavery to freedom? Today, we explore the life of Charity Folks, an enslaved woman from Maryland who gained her freedom in the late-18th century. Our guide through Charity’s life is Jessica Millward, an Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Irvine and author of Finding Charity’s Folk: Enslaved and Free Black Women in Maryland.

  • 1 supplemental audio file

Finding Charity's Folk: Public Memory & the Construction of an Enslaved Biography

(2021)

Jessica Millward discussed her book, "Finding Charity's Folk: Enslaved and Free Black Women in Maryland," where she places enslaved women in Maryland at the center of the long struggle for African American freedom. Speaker Biography: Jessica Millward is an assistant professor in the history department in the School of Humanities at the University of California, Irvine. Her work focuses on African American history, early America, the African diaspora, slavery and gender.