Because only 16% of patients with metastatic cervical cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis, the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) has carefully designed and conducted many phase II studies to identify promising drugs. Cisplatin has emerged as the most active single agent with overall response rates of 19%. Recent phase III trials have documented response rates of 27% and 39% when cisplatin has been combined with either paclitaxel or topotecan, respectively. The comparison of cisplatin to cisplatin plus topotecan in GOG-179 has yielded the first study to show a statistically significant impact on the overall response rate, median progression-free survival, and median survival, with all outcome measures favoring the two-drug regimen. Despite these encouraging results, however, most of the responses are partial and of short duration. The need for novel combinations and the implementation of active biologic agents is implicit. The accumulated data in this disease setting, as evidenced by the experience of the GOG, are presented in this review.