There is growing evidence to suggest that aging is accompanied by enhancement in psychosocial well-being, despite age-related declines in physical and cognitive functioning. A small but growing body of research has reported on positive trajectories of well-being, and its determinants, among community-dwelling seniors as well as in people with specific diseases such as stroke. Current strategies for promoting successful aging include physical, cognitive and social activities, healthy lifestyle, social support, and positive traits such as resilience and optimism. These strategies have typically been employed in samples without serious illnesses, but an emerging body of evidence suggests that they are as relevant in cohorts with neurologic and other diseases. Future strategies will include those that work at the community level and not just at individual level, and will focus on use of technology as well as group interventions to enhance resilience and building age-friendly communities.