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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Submission Guidelines

  1. Work must be original (i.e. not previously published)
  2. There is no length limit, but, we encourage papers to be between 2,500 and 10,000 words.
  3. Authors must disclaim any economic interest and affiliations which may influence their opinions or conclusions.
  4. Manuscripts must be formatted on 8.5″ x 11″ paper, portrait orientation, with double-spaced text, one-inch margins, and 12pt. Arial font.
  5. Manuscripts must be submitted electronically using the "Submit Article to this Journal" button on the left side menu.
  6. An abstract, 3 to 5 keywords and a brief bio of authors must be completed as requested during the electronic submission process.
  7. Authors’ names and affiliations must appear only on the cover page.
  8. Graphs, images, and tables must be inserted within the text. They must be of good quality and have the appropriate copyright information (if applicable). If the manuscript is accepted for publication, be prepared to provide figures as individual files in their original format. Acceptable formats are JPEG and GIF files provided the figures are perfect and need no editing.
  9. We encourage authors to use uncomplicated language that can be understood across fields and among both practitioners and academics.
  10. Since this is an international journal, authors should avoid nationalistic language such as the use of ‘us’ for their own nation or ethnicity and ‘them’ for others. We encourage gender-neutral language wherever possible.
  11. Papers must be submitted in English (both American and British spelling are welcome, as long as they are consistent throughout the paper). Authors of accepted papers are encouraged to send a final version on their native language. Both versions in English and author’s native language will be published online.
  12. We encourage non-native authors to have papers edited by a native English speaker.
  13. The journal does not have the staff to check the accuracy of quotations, citations, numbers, and facts. Therefore, accuracy is responsibility of the authors.
  14. References and citations should follow the Chicago Manual of Style, available at