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Erythrocyte membrane-cloaked polymeric nanoparticles for controlled drug loading and release.
- Author(s): Aryal, Santosh;
- Hu, Che-Ming J;
- Fang, Ronnie H;
- Dehaini, Diana;
- Carpenter, Cody;
- Zhang, Dong-Er;
- Zhang, Liangfang
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4817102/
No data is associated with this publication.
AimPolymeric nanoparticles (NPs) cloaked by red blood cell membrane (RBCm) confer the combined advantage of both long circulation lifetime and controlled drug release. The authors carried out studies to gain a better understanding of the drug loading, drug-release kinetics and cell-based efficacy of RBCm-cloaked NPs.
Materials & methodsTwo strategies for loading doxorubicin into the RBCm-cloaked NPs were compared: physical encapsulation and chemical conjugation. In vitro efficacy was examined using the acute myeloid leukemia cell line, Kasumi-1.
ResultsIt was found that the chemical conjugation strategy resulted in a more sustained drug release profile, and that the RBCm cloak provided a barrier, retarding the outward diffusion of encapsulated drug molecules. It was also demonstrated that RBCm-cloaked NPs exhibit higher toxicity in comparison with free doxorubicin.
ConclusionThese results indicate that the RBCm-cloaked NPs hold great promise to become a valuable drug-delivery platform for the treatment of various diseases such as blood cancers.
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