Integrated Planning and Management for Urban Water Supplies Considering Multiple Uncertainties
Urban water supply planning has changed greatly in recent decades, and has generally become a much more technically serious endeavor. (Urban water supply has always been a politically serious endeavor, with abundant sources of uncertainty (Lund, 1988a, b).) Yet for all the serious and fine technical work and research on urban water supply engineering and economics, it often seems that such work has not provided a clear unified approach for combining the many technical measures available for water supply system planning and management. This report seeks to provide such a unified analytical approach, addressing the integrated economical use of yield enhancement, water transfer, and demand management measures in a context of risk and uncertainty from many hydrologic and institutional sources.