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A new frontier for studying within-person variability: Bayesian multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity models.

  • Author(s): Rast, Philippe;
  • Martin, Stephen R;
  • Liu, Siwei;
  • Williams, Donald R
  • et al.

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Research on individual variation has received increased attention. The bulk of the models discussed in psychological research so far, focus mainly on the temporal development of the mean structure. We expand the view on within-person residual variability and present a new model parameterization derived from classic multivariate GARCH models used to predict and forecast volatility in financial time-series. We propose a new pdBEKK and a modified dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) model that accommodate external time-varying predictors for the within-person variance. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the potential usefulness of MGARCH models for research in within-person variability. MGARCH models partition the within-person variance into, at least, 3 components: An overall constant and unconditional baseline variance, a process that introduces variance conditional on previous innovations, or random shocks, and a process that governs the carry-over effects of previous conditional variance, similar to an AR model. These models allow for variance spillover effects from one time-series to another. We illustrate the pdBEKK- and the DCC-MGARCH on two individuals who have rated their daily positive and negative affect over 100 consecutive days. The full models comprised a multivariate ARMA(1,1) model for the means and included physical activity as moderator of the overall baseline variance. Overall, the pdBEKK seems to result in a more straightforward psychological interpretation, but the DCC is generally easier to estimate and can accommodate more simultaneous time-series. Both models require rather large amounts of datapoints to detect nonzero parameters. We provide an R-package bmgarch that facilitates the estimation of these types of models. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

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