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Three paraneoplastic signs in the same patient with gastric adenocarcinoma

  • Author(s): Yang, Yu-hua
  • Zhang, Ru-zhi
  • Kang, Ding-hua
  • Zhu, Wen-yuan
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

This is the report of a 76-year-old male with typical lesions of acanthosis nigricans maligna (ANM), florid cutaneous papillomatosis (FCP), and tripe palms (TP) for 2 years. He did not have any gastrointestinal complaints. Pathologic findings of skin supported the diagnosis of ANM. Because gastric adenocarcinoma is the most common neoplasm associated with these paraneoplastic dermatoses, further tests were carried out. Endoscopic examination was performed and an adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction was confirmed. Meanwhile, multiple small polyps in the middle and the lower thirds of the esophagus were observed. The patient was referred for further evaluation and subsequent surgical resection of the tumor.Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a hyperkeratotic mucocutaneous eruption of heterogenous etiology, which is characterized by hyperpigmentation, velvety cutaneous thickening, intensified skin markings, and development of verrucous excrescences typically involving the intertriginous areas. AN is classified into benign and malignant forms on the basis of clinical associations. Malignant acanthosis nigricans (MAN) tends to be extensive and involves mucosal surfaces, mostly in elderly people. Florid cutaneous papillomatosis (FCP), also known as the Schwartz-Burgess syndrome, is characterized by the rapid appearance of multiple verrucous lesions that are clinically indistinguishable from common warts [1]. Tripe palms (TP) is characterized by diffuse, yellowish palmar hyperkeratosis, with enhancement of the epidermal ridges on the hands (dermatoglyphics), resembling intestinal villosities [1]. The association of these three paraneoplastic dermatoses (FCP, ANM and TP) in the same patient has been reported. Herein, we report an elderly male with three paraneoplastic dermatoses for two years. On the initial presentation, he did not report any systemic complaints; diagnostic tests confirmed the presence of a gastric adenocarcinoma.

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