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Intravascular ultrasound cross-sectional arterial imaging before and after balloon angioplasty in vitro

  • Author(s): Tobis, JM
  • Mallery, JA
  • Gessert, J
  • Griffith, J
  • Mahon, D
  • Bessen, M
  • Moriuchi, M
  • McLeay, L
  • McRae, M
  • Henry, WL
  • et al.
Abstract

A prototype ultrasound imaging catheter was evaluated in vitro using 17 human atherosclerotic artery segments before and after balloon dilatation angioplasty. The catheter was 1.2 mm in diameter and incorporated a single 20-MHz ultrasound transducer to obtain cross-sectional images of the arterial lumen. In 15 of the 17 (88%) arteries, high quality images were obtained, which demonstrated clear demarcation between the lumen and the endothelium, the atheroma plaque, the muscular media, and the adventitia. Qualitative characteristics of plaque disruption, dissection, and residual flaps were readily visible. In addition, quantitative information about cross-sectional lumen area was obtained before and after balloon dilatation. The mean cross-sectional lumen area increased from 8.7 to 15.1 mm2(p < 0.01) following balloon dilatation. The lumen area measured from the ultrasound images following dilatation correlated closely with the area measured from histologic sections (r = 0.88). The results from this study indicate that a small-diameter ultrasound imaging catheter can be developed that will provide high-resolution qualitative and quantitative information during peripheral and coronary angioplasty.

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