On the Synergistic Benefits of Reconfigurable Antennas and Partial Channel Knowledge for the MIMO Interference Channel
Blind Interference Alignment (BIA) schemes create and exploit channel coherence patterns without the knowledge of channel realizations at transmitters, while beamforming schemes rely primarily on channel knowledge available to the transmit- ters without regard to channel coherence patterns. In order to explore the compatibility of these disparate ideas and the possibility of synergistic gains, this work studies the Degrees of Freedom (DoF) of the 2-user (?1 × ?1)(?2 × ?2) Multiple- Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Interference Channel (IC) where Transmitter 1 is equipped with reconfigurable antennas and has no channel knowledge, while Transmitter 2 has partial channel knowledge but no reconfigurable antennas. Taking a fundamental dimensional analysis perspective, the main question is to identify which antenna configurations allow synergistic DoF gains. The main results of this work are two-fold. The first result identifies antenna configurations where both reconfigurable antennas and partial channel knowledge are individually beneficial, as those where ?1 < ?1 < min(?2,?2). The second result shows that synergistic gains exist in each of these settings, over the best known solutions that rely on either reconfigurable antennas or partial channel knowledge alone. Coding schemes that jointly exploit partial channel knowledge and reconfigurable antennas emerge as a byproduct of the analysis.