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A low-frequency chip-scale optomechanical oscillator with 58 kHz mechanical stiffening and more than 100th-order stable harmonics.

  • Author(s): Huang, Yongjun
  • Flores, Jaime Gonzalo Flor
  • Cai, Ziqiang
  • Yu, Mingbin
  • Kwong, Dim-Lee
  • Wen, Guangjun
  • Churchill, Layne
  • Wong, Chee Wei
  • et al.
Abstract

For the sensitive high-resolution force- and field-sensing applications, the large-mass microelectromechanical system (MEMS) and optomechanical cavity have been proposed to realize the sub-aN/Hz1/2 resolution levels. In view of the optomechanical cavity-based force- and field-sensors, the optomechanical coupling is the key parameter for achieving high sensitivity and resolution. Here we demonstrate a chip-scale optomechanical cavity with large mass which operates at ≈77.7 kHz fundamental mode and intrinsically exhibiting large optomechanical coupling of 44 GHz/nm or more, for both optical resonance modes. The mechanical stiffening range of ≈58 kHz and a more than 100th-order harmonics are obtained, with which the free-running frequency instability is lower than 10-6 at 100 ms integration time. Such results can be applied to further improve the sensing performance of the optomechanical inspired chip-scale sensors.

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