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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Multipurpose Smart Cards in Transportation: Benefits and Barriers to Use


Smart cards are the technology that allows certain functions to occur. Although the technology evolved in the 1980's, it was only used for simple functions like pay phones. In the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in the use and scope of smart cards. Smart cards have been used to hold health records, allow electronic signatures and act as electronic purses.

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