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Dermatology Online Journal

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Retronychia: an underdiagnosed disease


Retronychia is a recently described cause of ingrowth of the nail plate on the ventral surface of the proximal nail fold. Clinical features are repeated episodes of proximal paronychia, nail plate thickening, and occasionally granulation tissue emergence. The usual treatments for paronychia such as antibiotics and antifungals are ineffective in these cases. Avulsion of the nail plate is the treatment of choice for these patients, but effective treatment is usually delayed owing to inadequate diagnosis. Herein, we describe a 28-year-old woman with a case of retronychia. She was treated for two months with oral and topical antifungal and antibiotics by her general practitioner. After proper diagnosis and avulsion of the nail she presented a normal and non-painful growth of the affected nail.

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