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Open Access Publications from the University of California

111 years of Brownian motion

  • Author(s): Bian, X
  • Kim, C
  • Karniadakis, GE
  • et al.

© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. We consider the Brownian motion of a particle and present a tutorial review over the last 111 years since Einstein's paper in 1905. We describe Einstein's model, Langevin's model and the hydrodynamic models, with increasing sophistication on the hydrodynamic interactions between the particle and the fluid. In recent years, the effects of interfaces on the nearby Brownian motion have been the focus of several investigations. We summarize various results and discuss some of the controversies associated with new findings about the changes in Brownian motion induced by the interface.

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