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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Statistical Estimation in Varying-Coefficient Models

  • Author(s): Fan, Jianqing
  • Zhang, Wenyang
  • et al.

Varying-coefficient models are a useful extension of the classical linear models. The appeal of these models is that the coefficient functions can easily be estimated via a simple local regression. This yields a simple one-step estimation procedure. We show that such a one-step method cannot be optimal when different coefficient functions admit di erent degrees of smoothness. This drawback can be repaired by using our proposed two-step estimation procedure. The asymptotic mean-squared errors for the two-step procedure is obtained and is shown to achieve the optimal rate of convergence. A few simulation studies show that the gain by the two-step procedure can be quite substantial. The methodology is illustrated by an application to an environmental dataset.

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