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Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Degeneration.

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Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) are neurodegenerative tauopathies with neuronal and glial lesions composed of tau that is composed predominantly of isomers with four repeats in the microtubule-binding domain (4R tau). The brain regions vulnerable to pathology in PSP and CBD overlap, but there are differences, particularly with respect to distribution of neuronal loss, the relative abundance of neuronal and glial lesions, the morphologic features of glial lesions, and the frequency of comorbid pathology. Both PSP and CBD have a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including disorders of movement and cognition. Recognition of phenotypic diversity in PSP and CBD may improve antemortem diagnostic accuracy, which tends to be very good for the most common presentation of PSP (Richardson syndrome), but poor for the most characteristic presentation of CBD (corticobasal syndrome: CBS). Development of molecular and imaging biomarkers may improve antemortem diagnostic accuracy. Currently, multidisciplinary symptomatic and supportive treatment with pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies remains the standard of care. In the future, experimental therapeutic trials will be important to slow disease progression.

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