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Precise Measurement of B-mode polarization signal from the cosmic microwave background with Polarbear and the Simons Array

  • Author(s): Siritanasak, Praween
  • Advisor(s): Keating, Brian
  • et al.
Abstract

Throughout history, human beings have always sought to answer the question ''what was the origin of the universe?'' The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is one of the most essential scientific tools that will help us better understand the universe. The temperature maps of the CMB have allowed us to study the nature of the early universe through the standard ΛCDM model as well as to describe its evolution. Nevertheless, many questions remain. The next step in finding the answer lies in the measurement of the B-mode polarization of the CMB. These faint signals from the primordial universe are expected to be key pieces of evidence of the inflationary gravitational wave. Successful detection of this B-mode polarization would not only serve as direct evidence of the inflation theory but also lead to constraining of inflationary model and the energy scale of inflation. Moreover, the gravitational lensing of CMB E-mode polarization to B-mode polarization signal at small angular scales will allow us to trace back to the distribution of matter in our universe.

This dissertation describes the details of the Polarbear instrument which is designed to detect CMB B-mode polarization. The results from the first and second observational season are also described. Furthermore, this dissertation discusses the development of the Simons Array instrument, which is the expansion of Polarbear with expanded capabilities and increased sensitivity. The Simons Array is scheduled to deploy in 2018.

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