Evaluating thermal environments by using a thermal manikin with controlled skin surface temperature
This paper describes a method for measuring nonuniform thermal environments using a new thermal manikin with controlled skin surface temperature. The manikin and its control logic are described, and an equivalent temperature based on the thermal manikin (teq) is proposed and discussed. A method to calculate the PMV index from manikin heat loss is also given.
To calibrate these methods, fundamental data were collected. The manikin-based equivalent temperature (teq) is shown to be effective at accounting for the effects of local heat sources and asymmetrical environmental conditions.