Stem Cell Donor Matching for Patients of Mixed Race
- Author(s): Bergstrom, Ted C
- Garratt, Rod
- Sheehan-Connor, Damien
- et al.
The plight of multiracial leukemia patients who are unable to find matching stem cell donors has received much media attention. These news stories, while dramatic, are short on statistical information and long on misconceptions. We apply simple probability theory, the genetics of sexual diploid reproduction, and the theory of public goods to produce estimates of the probabilities that multiracial patients will find matching donors in the existing registry. We then compute the benefits and costs of registering more potential donors of single and mixed races. c