Vertical Flow Dynamics in Kelp Forests: Implications for Nutrient Uptake, Condition and Survival
- Author(s): Edwards, Matthew S.
- et al.
(1) The influence of ocean waves on giant kelp fronds results in the vertical transport of water along the thallus
(2) Morphological traits of giant kelp result in vertical transport being greater than in the absence of giant kelp
(3) Vertical flow along giant kelp thalli is persistent, but flow rate is correlated with vertical orbital displacements of the incident ocean waves