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Synthesis of ent‐Ketorfanol via a C–H Alkenylation/Torquoselective 6π Electrocyclization Cascade


The asymmetric synthesis of ent-ketorfanol from simple and commercially available precursors is reported. A Rh(I) -catalyzed intramolecular CH alkenylation/torquoselective 6π electrocyclization cascade provides a fused bicyclic 1,2-dihydropyridine as a key intermediate. Computational studies were performed to understand the high torquoselectivity of the key 6π electrocyclization. The computational results demonstrate that a conformational effect is responsible for the observed selectivity. The ketone functionality and final ring are introduced in a single step by a redox-neutral acid-catalyzed rearrangement of a vicinal diol to give the requisite carbonyl, followed by intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation.

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