Assessment of the phenotypic effects of Platelet Rich Fibrin on Mesenchymal Stem Cells derived from Minced Pulp
- Author(s): Shirodkar, Gautam
- Advisor(s): Kang, Mo Kwan
- et al.
Our aim is to investigate the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on Mesenchymal Stem cell derived from Minced Pulp (MP-MSCs). We first developed a mouse model of PRF to study the phenotypic effects of PRF in cultured cells. We obtained PRF from the blood and prepared PRF-enriched culture media. The phenotypic effects of PRF on MP-MSCs were determined by assessing the changes in cell proliferation, differentiation and immunophenotypic profiling. The mRNA levels of ALP, OCN, DMP1 and DSPP were determined by qRT-PCR. It was found that PRF increased the proliferation capacity of MP-MSCs and reduced the cell doubling time. With PRF exposure, the MP-MSCs were able to retain their immunophenotypic characteristics defining them as MSCs, as the cells expressing surface markers CD105, CD146 and CD73 were higher. MP-MSCs were able to undergo osteogenic differentiation in the presence of PRF and the mRNA levels of OCN was significantly increased in the presence of PRF. To assess the odontogenic differentiation of cells in response to PRF, we prepared dentin-slice model in which we cultured MP-MSCs embedded in PRF. Histological sections of the dentin slice model revealed that there was increase in the cellularity of the pulp tissue along the edges of the pulp tissue. Based on our findings, PRF can act as a source of growth factors cell proliferation, migration and differentiation.