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Implementation and evaluation of a generalized radiative transfer scheme within canopy in the soil‐vegetation‐atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model


The process of radiative transfer over vegetated areas has a profound impact on energy, water, and carbon balances over the terrestrial surface. In this paper, a generalized radiative transfer scheme (GRTS) within canopy is implemented in the Simplified Simple Biosphere land surface model (SSiB). The main concept and structure of GRTS and its coupling methodology to a land model are presented. Different from the two-stream method, the GRTS takes into account the effects of complex canopy morphology and inhomogeneous optical properties of leaves on radiative transfer process within the canopy. In the offline SSiB/GRTS simulation for the period of 2001-2012, the nonuniform leaf angle distribution within canopy layers is considered in SSiB/GRTS in the areas of evergreen broadleaf trees. Compared with the SSiB/two stream method, SSiB/GRTS produces lower canopy reflectance and higher transmittance, which leads to more realistic albedo simulation. The canopy-absorbed radiation flux in SSiB/GRTS simulation is lower than that in SSiB/two stream method simulation throughout the year in the areas of evergreen broadleaf trees. The largest difference of -18.4 W/m2 occurs in the Amazon region in the autumn. The ground-absorbed radiation flux increases in the SSiB/GRTS simulation, especially in the spring and autumn. The largest difference in the ground-absorbed radiation flux between SSiB/GRTS simulation and SSiB/two stream method simulation is 25.45W/m2. In the boreal winter season, compared with the two-stream method in the SSiB, the GRTS gives higher surface albedo in the areas with high snow cover fraction over leaf.

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