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24‐hour pressures in thyroid eye disease
Published Web Locationhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ceo.12400/abstract
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BackgroundTo prospectively investigate the safety, tolerability and 24-h intraocular pressure (IOP) patterns in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) using a contact lens sensor (CLS).
ParticipantsTen patients with established TED.
MethodsTen eyes of 10 patients were prospectively evaluated in an ambulatory 24-h IOP monitoring session using the CLS (Sensimed AG, Lausanne, Switzerland). Patients pursued daily activities, and sleep behaviour was uncontrolled.
Main outcome measuresIncidence of adverse events (AEs) and tolerability (scale of 0-10, increasing intolerance) were assessed. IOP patterns were evaluated using a cosinor rhythmometry model, and linear regression slopes were constructed for the transition from wake/sitting (W/S) to sleep/supine (S/S) and vice versa.
ResultsMean age was 61.8 ± 21.6 years, and 90% of patients were female. Main AEs were blurred vision (50%), conjunctival hyperaemia (100%) and superficial punctate keratitis (20%). Tolerability of the lens was found to be 1.5 ± 0.7. Positive linear slopes of the CLS signal from wake to sleep were detected (18.0 ± 43.8 arbitrary units [a.u.]; P = 0.254), whereas at the transition from S/S to W/S a significant decrease (-62.9 ± 56.8 a.u.; P = 0.010) was found. Five patients (50%) had a significant nocturnal/sleep acrophase with the peak occurring at 6:30 a.m. The mean amplitude of the 24-h curves was 102.2 ± 52.6 a.u.
ConclusionsIn patients with TED, the CLS provides a safe and well-tolerated approach to 24-h IOP monitoring. After modelling the 24-h IOP curves, TED patients were found to have a morning acrophase.
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