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Directional resolution : the Davis-Putnam procedure, revisited

  • Author(s): Dechter, Rina
  • Rish, Irina
  • et al.
Abstract

The paper presents algorithm directional resolution, a variation on the original Davis-Putnam algorithm, and analyzes its worst-case behavior as a function of the topological structure of the theories. The notions of induced width and diversity are shown to play a key role in bounding the complexity of the procedure. The importance of our analysis lies in highlighting structure-based tractable classes of satisfiability and in providing theoretical guarantees on the time and space complexity of the algorithm. Contrary to previous assessments, we show that for many theories directional resolution could be an effective procedure. Our empirical tests confirm theoretical prediction, showing that on problems with special structures, like chains, directional resolution greatly outperforms one of the most effective satisfiability algorithm known to date, namely the popular Davis-Putnam procedure.

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