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Dermatology Online Journal

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Morbihan disease: a case report and differentiation from Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome


We present a 32-year old woman with a 9-year history of upper facial swelling. A workup by the ophthalmology department led to the diagnosis of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. Re-evaluation in our dermatology clinic confirmed a diagnosis of Morbihan disease. Herein, we review case reports and case series of upper facial swelling in the dermatologic and ophthalmologic literature. Although the two entities share histopathological changes, they tend to have different clinical presentations. Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome appears to be more likely diagnosed in the ophthalmologic literature when the clinical presentation and histopathology may be more consistent with Morbihan disease. In a patient with upper facial swelling, an absence of orolabial swelling, and lack of facial neuropathy, we argue for a diagnosis of Morbihan disease over Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, especially if the patient has a history of rosacea.

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