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Neoliberal Education Reforms and Debates around Neoliberalism: Finance-driven Reforms in Chilean Higher Education


This paper is a means of exploring how neoliberal education reforms have been implemented and what issues remain in education development as a product of those reforms. To examine neoliberal education reforms, this paper explores how international organizations such as the World Bank and international discourses in the international community influence education development and require developing countries to implement neoliberal reforms. I look to the work of Martin Carnoy (1995) "Structural adjustment and the changing face of education," which categorizes the responses to neoliberal education reforms: competitiveness-driven reform, equity-driven reform, and financial-driven reform, as the theoretical framework. Chilean higher education reforms are analyzed as a case study. The paper concludes that neoliberal education reforms expanded the number of higher education institutions and achieve efficiency and effectiveness in higher education; however, public universities have lost their autonomy and access inequity and quality assurance of higher education have been remained.

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