Machine learning approaches to predict thermal demands using skin temperatures: Steady-state conditions
- Author(s): Dai, Changzhi;
- Zhang, Hui;
- Arens, Edward;
- Lian, Zhiwei
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.12.005
Inefficient controlling strategies in heating and cooling systems have given rise to a large amount of energy waste and to widespread complaints about the thermal environment in buildings. An intelligentcontrol method based on a support vector machine (SVM) classifier is proposed in this paper. Skin temperatures are the only inputs to the model and have shown attractive prediction power in recognizingsteady state thermal demands. Data were accumulated from two studies to consider potential use for either individuals or a group of occupants. Using a single skin temperature correctly predicts 80% ofthermal demands. Using combined skin temperatures from different body segments can improve the model to over 90% accuracy. Results show that three skin locations contained enough information forclassification and more would cause the curse of dimensionality. Models using different skin temperatures were compared. Optimal parameters for each model were provided using grid search technique. Considering the overfitting possibility and the cases without learning processes, SVM classifiers with a linear kernel are preferred over Gaussian kernel ones.