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Ceasing Production in Favor of Consumption: Diachronic Analysis of the Rincon Point (CA-VEN-62) Microlithic Assemblage

  • Author(s): Holguin, Brian Elliott
  • Advisor(s): Schachner, Gregson
  • et al.
Abstract

This thesis focuses on the diachronic analysis of microlithic tools over the late Middle to proto-Historic occupation of the Chumash village Shuku, or Rincon Point. Based on criteria put forth by Arnold (1987, 1990), two separate VEN-62 lithic assemblages were re-evaluated for the presence of microblades, microdrills, microlithic cores, and flake drills. Frequency and density values for artifact type and material composition were calculated for Middle, Transitional, Late, and proto-Historic period deposits. In order to explore the legitimacy of mainland microlithic production after the Middle period, the Rincon Point data is then juxtaposed with sites located on the northern Channel Islands and coastal mainland. The results of this research suggest the Chumash living at Shuku acquired small amounts of microliths via cross-channel exchange and minimal on-site production throughout all chronological phases.

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