Signaling pathways in mouse and human trophoblast differentiation: a comparative review.
Published Web Locationhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4366325/pdf/nihms645576.pdf
The mouse is often used as a model for understanding human placentation and offers multiple advantages, including the ability to manipulate gene expression in specific compartments and to derive trophoblast stem cells, which can be maintained or differentiated in vitro. Nevertheless, there are numerous differences between the mouse and human placentas, only the least of which are structural. This review aims to compare mouse and human placentation, with a focus on signaling pathways involved in trophoblast lineage-specific differentiation.