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Genomic and Molecular Characterization of Brain Tumors in Asian and Non-Asian Patients of Los Angeles: A Single Institution Analysis.

  • Author(s): Duong, Courtney
  • Nguyen, Thien
  • Sheppard, John P
  • Ong, Vera
  • Chung, Lawrance K
  • Nagasawa, Daniel T
  • Yang, Isaac
  • et al.
Abstract

Background:Worldwide, approximately 2% of new cancers are of the brain. Five-year survival rates among brain cancer patients have been reported as a little over a third. Differences in clinical outcomes between brain tumor patients of different races remain poorly understood. Methods:A retrospective chart review was performed on brain tumor resection patients≥18 years old. Demographics, treatment variables, and survival outcomes were collected. Primary outcomes were length of stay, recurrence rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Results:A total of 452 patients were included in analysis. Females and males had nearly a 1:1 ratio (n=242 and n=220, respectively). Mean age was 54.8 years (SD: 14.5 range: 18-90). Females composed 69% (n=48) of Asian patients; males constituted 31% (n=22). Mean age of the Asian patients was 55.9 years (SD: 14.6 range: 26-89). Asian-only cohort tumor pathologies included glioblastoma (GBM) (n=14), high-grade glioma (n=7), low-grade glioma (n=4), meningioma (n=38), and metastases (n=7). Of the 185 meningioma patients, non-Asian patients comprised 79% of the group (n=146). Of the 65 GBM patients in total, non-Asian patients made up 89% of the GBM cohort (n=58). There were no statistically significant differences between these groups of both cohorts in recurrence (p=0.1580 and p=0.6294, respectively), PFS (p=0.9662 and p=0.4048, respectively), or OS (p=0.3711 and p=0.8183, respectively). Conclusion:Studies evaluating the survival between patients of different racial backgrounds against several tumor varieties are rare. Patients of certain racial backgrounds may need additional consideration when being attended to despite the same mutational composition as their counterparts. Repeated studies using national databases may yield more conclusive results.

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