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MicroRNA-92a Mediates Endothelial Dysfunction in CKD.

  • Author(s): Shang, Fenqing
  • Wang, Shen-Chih
  • Hsu, Chien-Yi
  • Miao, Yifei
  • Martin, Marcy
  • Yin, Yanjun
  • Wu, Chih-Cheng
  • Wang, Yun-Ting
  • Wu, Gaihong
  • Chien, Shu
  • Huang, Hsien-Da
  • Tarng, Der-Cherng
  • Shiu, Yan-Ting
  • Cheung, Alfred K
  • Huang, Po-Hsun
  • Chen, Zhen
  • Shyy, John Y-J
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661278/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

CKD is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The accumulation of uremic toxins in CKD induces oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. MicroRNA-92a (miR-92a) is induced by oxidative stress in endothelial cells (ECs) and involved in angiogenesis and atherosclerosis. We investigated a role for oxidative stress-responsive miR-92a in CKD. Our study of patients at three clinical sites showed increased serum miR-92a level with decreased kidney function. In cultured ECs, human CKD serum or uremic toxins (such as indoxyl sulfate), compared with non-CKD serum, induced the levels of miR-92a and suppressed the expression of miR-92a targets, including key endothelial-protective molecules. The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine inhibited these vasculopathic properties. In rats, adenine-induced CKD associated with increased levels of miR-92a in aortas, serum, and CD144+ endothelial microparticles. Furthermore, CD144+ microparticles from human uremic serum contained more miR-92a than those from control serum. Additional analysis showed a positive correlation between serum levels of miR-92a and indoxyl sulfate in a cohort of patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis. Collectively, our findings suggest that the uremic toxins accumulated in CKD can upregulate miR-92a in ECs, which impairs EC function and predisposes patients to CVD.

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