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Relationship of Corneal Hysteresis and Anterior Lamina Cribrosa Displacement in Glaucoma.

  • Author(s): Wong, Brandon J;
  • Moghimi, Sasan;
  • Zangwill, Linda M;
  • Christopher, Mark;
  • Belghith, Akram;
  • Ekici, Eren;
  • Bowd, Christopher;
  • Fazio, Massimo A;
  • Girkin, Christopher A;
  • Weinreb, Robert N
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113091/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the relationship between corneal hysteresis (CH) and anterior lamina cribrosa surface (ALCS) displacement over time in a cohort of patients with glaucoma.

Design

Prospective observational case series.

Methods

In this study, 147 eyes from 96 glaucoma or glaucoma suspect patients were followed for a mean of 3.5 years and 7.9 visits. Baseline CH measurements were obtained using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA; Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments Inc, Depew, New York, USA). The mean anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth (ALCSD) and choroidal thickness were by automated segmentation of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans. The rate of change of ALCSD was calculated using linear mixed effects models. Relationship between baseline CH and follow-up ALCSD rate of change was adjusted for confounding factors, including age, intraocular pressure (IOP), and choroidal thickness.

Results

The mean baseline CH was 9.4 mm Hg (95% confidence interval [CI] 9.1-9.7). Overall, the ALCS was displaced posteriorly at a rate of 0.78 μm/y (95% CI -1.82, 0.26). Seventeen eyes (11.5%) showed a significant posterior displacement of ALCS, whereas 22 eyes (15.0%) showed a significant anterior displacement of ALCS. The choroidal thickness thinned at a rate of -1.09 μm/y during the follow-up (P = .001). Multivariable mixed modeling showed that choroidal thinning, lower IOP change, and lower corneal hysteresis were significantly associated with posterior ALCS displacement over time (P = .034, P = .037, and P = .048). Each 1 mm lower CH was associated with 0.66 μm/y posterior displacement of the ALCS.

Conclusions

Lower corneal hysteresis was significantly associated with posterior displacement of the anterior lamina cribrosa over time. These data provide additional support for lower corneal hysteresis being a risk factor for glaucoma progression.

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