Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

The risk of childhood brain tumors associated with delivery interventions: A Danish matched case-control study.

Abstract

Background

Head trauma has been associated with increased brain tumor risk in adults. Instrument assisted delivery can be a cause of head trauma in newborns. The goal of this study was to determine if instrument-assisted deliveries influenced the odds of childhood brain tumors in Denmark.

Methods

We conducted a matched case-control study of childhood (<20 years) brain tumors in Denmark born between 1978 and 2013 and diagnosed 1978-2016. A total of 1678 brain tumor cases were identified and 25 controls were matched to each case based on the child's sex and birth date (N = 40,934). Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate effects (odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)) for variables of interest.

Results

Compared to children birthed by spontaneous vaginal delivery, children who later developed ependymomas (N = 118) had a greater likelihood of having experienced vacuum assisted deliveries (OR=1.74, 95% CI 1.02-2.96). Forceps use was low, and declined across the study period. We did not observe an overall increase in all CNS tumors (combined) with either vacuum delivery (OR=0.99, 95% CI 0.84-1.18) or forceps delivery (OR=1.26, 95% CI 0.78-2.03).

Conclusion

Our findings suggest an association between vacuum assisted deliveries and ependymomas.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View